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Fun in the sun and phototoxic oils–safety needs repeating

Most essential oils are safe in the sun, but some are photo toxic.  Well–what does that mean?  It means that if you are in the house, in the winter and use a lotion that has certain oils in it, you have no worries.   On the other hand, if you use that same type of lotion in the summer–let’s say after a shower. You decide to go out and weed the flower beds later—forgetting about the lotion. You could have a reaction to that lotion from being out in the sun.

What kind of reaction? How do I prevent it?

Redness, burns, itching, blisters, permanent skin discoloration are some of the reactions that you can have by not diluting the oils you use enough. Some oils are phototoxic with the maximum dermal level.  If you are using product with levels over these amounts, it is best to avoid sun exposure for at least 12 to 18 hours after applying, unless you can cover your skin.

Bergamot (Citrus aurantium var. bergamia)max @ .04%2 drops per 30 ml.
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi)max @ 4%24 drops per 30 ml.
Lemon (Citrus limon)max @ 2%12 drops per 30 ml.
Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)max @ 0.7%4 drops per 30 ml.
Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium)max @ 1.25%7 drops per 30 ml.
Laurel leaf (Laurus nobilis)max @ 2%12 drops per 30 ml.

Maximum levels for essential oils in skincare products in the sun.

The good news is not all citrus essential oils are phototoxic!

Those are:
Bergamot (FCF) Sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) cold pressed Lemon (Citrus limon) distilled
Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) distilled
If you are going to use a lotion that has a citrus oil in it, make sure that you safely dilute that oil. There is no risk in using a product that has not been applied to the body or washed off the skin such as shampoo, soap or body wash.

if you need a more in-depth blog, go to either of the previous blogs posted on this important subject.

So enjoy your backyard, your staycation and have fun in the sun!

Happy blending,

Crystal